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13 Ways to Avoid Inbreeding in the Most Powerful Farmed Fish
In the world of fish farming, of course, the owner wants a good and superior fish farm so that it has a high sales value and can make a big profit. The most appropriate way to achieve this is to reproduce and produce superior seeds that can meet market criteria, ie through breeding (marriage). One type is inbreeding, or inbreeding, which occurs in fish that are still in the same family or from the same parental egg.

However, inbreeding can cause several disadvantages, such as eliminating the possibility of obtaining new races from superior seeds, causing defects, as well as reducing the performance or physical appearance of the fish. because it must be understood how to avoid inbreeding that the author analyzes in its entirety in this article, what are the ways? Let’s look at the next article, 13 Ways to Avoid Inbreeding in Farmed Fish.

1. Understand the characteristics of consanguinity

Before doing how to avoid inbreeding in fish, the owner must understand its characteristics in advance, that is, inbreeding, which is like a ticking time bomb that will make the fish seeds worse because they are continuously created from the same genes , this is one of the causes. loss to the owner. (Also read about organic tilapia farming.)

2. Prepare a suitable pool

First, the owner should prepare a suitable pond in advance according to the characteristics of the fish being farmed, try to have more than one pond, all of which are in a clean, clean environment, free from pollution and contamination, and have the character of water. that has been neutralized of various germs. (Also read about corydoras fish farming.)

3. Buy breeders from various breeders

As an initial effort to obtain seed, try to buy broodstock from several farmers, do not buy from the same breeder because it clearly comes from the same breeder, choose between at least 2 breeders so that the risk of inbreeding can be minimized. from the start of seed distribution or from the start of cultivation. (Also read about how to treat fungus in catfish.)

4. Differentiate the type of father

Group parent types based on sex i.e. male and female, put them in different ponds, do not mix them first, this is important to avoid similar breeding and avoid inbreeding. The owner must first ensure that the mixed seeds come from different breeders. (Also read about treating pineapple scales in betta fish.)

5. Exchange during cultivation

Exchange seeds purchased from different breeders, for example, 1 set of males from breeder A’s store are combined in a pond with 1 set of females from farmer B’s store so that the seeds that are pooled clearly come from different parents. In advance, select superior seeds that are active and healthy and that do not have physical defects. (Also read about the role of fish oil in pigeons).

6. Replace the stud with a new one

Another way is to replace the male seeds that the owner has with new ones, this applies to fish farmers who have been in the farming process for a long time and want to use new techniques, the males that they have had are separated and moved to another pond and replace the males in the pond with new male seeds, so that the males and females have different genes from each other.

7. Self-cultivation of seeds

Rooting in farmed fish can also be prevented more clearly by cultivating the seeds independently, so that the owner can clearly know the origin of the seeds from which they come, and not mix the same two seeds during the dispersal period until mating and harvest period.

8. Disciplined eating

Do not forget to continue to satisfy the nutritional needs of the fish by feeding them at the same time or disciplinedly every morning and evening, pay attention to the growth of the fish at the time of feeding so that it can be anticipated if there are fish that present genetic disorders or the defects due to inbreeding can be separated immediately so that they do not reproduce, which can risk producing poorer seeds.

9. Selection of parents

Select quality breeders before seed dispersal, even if you have selected and purchased seeds from different vendors or planted independently, to produce superior quality selection is still required. Choose healthy breeders with physical characteristics, that are of normal body size and that are active.

10. Register the Origin of the Matrix

Do not forget to write down the origin of the spawners whose seeds have been dispersed and spread to which ponds, this is important so that there are no errors or mistakes during the mating process in the future where how to avoid inbreeding in farmed fish is not only completed in 1 seed dispersal step but continues until marriage, and so on.

11. Have at least 2 sets of parents

The next way to avoid inbreeding in farmed fish is to have at least 2 parental groups made up of males and females so that maximum seed distribution can take place without fear of inbreeding. You can get these 2 parent groups of seeds from your own mixed crop. with new seeds that clearly have different origins so that inbreeding does not occur.

12. Choose the most excellent seed

Choose seeds that are superior in quality to the fish you are growing, that is, those with the fastest growth, normal body and no lesions, well-organized scales, plumpness, and that have agile movements and an active response when feeding. These seeds will further improve the performance of your crop and generate extraordinary profits.

13. Harvest process

During the harvesting process, the farmed fish to be sold can be taken with a special net made of a soft material so as not to hurt the body of the fish, then immediately carry out the process of stocking and mating while still distinguishing where the fish come from. seeds or from which it breeds because it will affect the next harvest process if until inbreeding occurs. Avoid this by planting and mating carefully.

Therefore, the article this time will hopefully be a useful new perspective for you. do not forget to always take the time to read our articles so that they always provide you with knowledge about the animal world that is useful for everyday life as well as a guide in the cultivation, business or care of your favorite animals. Thanks for reading, best regards from the author.

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