this post discusses above 14 Easy Ways to Overcome Cow Stress

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14 Easy Ways to Overcome Cow StressWhen seen in general, cows can become stressed when moved from one location or from the old barn to the new pen a considerable distance using a vehicle, which is called transport stress.

When a cow is stressed, sometimes the cow suddenly doesn’t want to eat and the temper can also become fierce and seem to want to attack when approached, but it can also be the other way around, that is, looking weak and not wanting to eat. which can be caused by the stress of unwanted eating.

Additionally, cows can also be stressed by a weak mindset that can occur because they are used to being raised alone and then mixed with other cows.

As for how to deal with stressed cows, there are several ways to do it, as we will explain in the next article.

  1. Pay attention before transportation

Before trucking cattle, make sure the cows are well hydrated and fed.

When carrying out the process, it is also very important to keep the area calm so as not to scare the cows.

The facilities must also be clean and it is advisable to ship the cattle both the same day and in the morning or in the afternoon because the weather is cooler.

After arriving at the destination, cattle should also be given enough food, water and space to rest.

The later the transport process, the more stressed the cows can be, so their routine should be restored as soon as possible.

  1. Pay attention to truck components

Another thing to consider is the cattle transport truck as well as the driver.

Preferably truck drivers should be trained and able to practice best driving procedures at all times.

Trucks must also be clean and well ventilated. Also be careful not to overdo exhaust as cows can be susceptible to disease.

  1. Feed and provide lots of grass

This is an important part of caring for and avoiding stress in cows, as well as being important for fattening cattle.

Although the cows have the main food in the form of grass, when the cows are stressed, it is usually difficult to eat. Cows should be fed a preferred feed, such as dry grass, silage, or grain.

  1. Give Water and Minerals

Water is the most important nutrient for all livestock, including cows, which also helps keep cows from becoming stressed due to dehydration, as well as fattening limousine cattle.

In addition to providing adequate amounts of water, minerals and salt should be given because the need for salt in cows is also very high with the variety of feeds provided.

  1. Keep the cow healthy

Stressed cows can also occur due to illness. To overcome and prevent cow stress due to disease, the best step that can be taken is to provide vaccines and worm or tick prevention programs.

This is even more important when raising beef cattle for fattening.

If the cows are at risk of certain diseases, such as black leg, bovine viral diarrhea or BVD, calf keduk and also IBR or infectious bovine rhinotracheitis, it is also very important to administer vaskin.

Also make sure your cattle are regularly monitored by a veterinarian or major breeder.

  1. check periodically

Cattle should also be checked regularly for signs of illness, such as signs of poisoning in cattle or injuries that can also cause cows stress.

Cattle kept in dry areas should be checked more often than those kept on pasture because they are at higher risk of disease.

Cattle in dry areas should be checked frequently when feeding or when frequently moving from one pasture to another.

Also, when the breeding season has entered, the cows should also be checked frequently because they are prone to injury.

Lameness or an injured or even broken penis can not only stress the cow, but can also be dangerous and interfere with successful breeding.

In addition, cows raised in dry areas are also at risk of developing pneumonia or fever, acidosis and also black legs, so regular inspections are very important.

  1. Make sure the place is warm and safe.

To deal with calf stress, be sure to place them in a warm, secure area.

Fences must be closed to prevent cows from escaping. Also be sure to put hay on the ground for the calves to sleep in, especially in cold weather, because calves are more susceptible to cold weather than adult cows, so stress is more likely to occur.

In addition, calves also need enough vitamin D, so make sure the calf can access adequate sunlight as well.

  1. Move with medicines and feed additives

To overcome heat stress in cows, in hot or dry conditions, feed with a lower energy metabolism can be fed to reduce heat from the cow’s body metabolic processes, as well as a way to deal with cows that they are hard to drink.

If in the herd there is a cow showing expression of heat, then feeding to reduce heat is the best thing to do, like giving paracetamol or it can also be done by injection.

  1. keep the cage cool

To cope with the stress of the dairy type of cow, the cage should not use materials that can absorb heat, such as a zinc roof.

Another way to do this is to add water sprinklers on the roof of the cage, reducing the distance from the heat source.

Using this water sprayer can reduce the temperature faster so that the cow does not overheat and stress can be reduced.

  1. Use underground pipes

The underground temperature is actually lower than the atmospheric temperature.

For that, you can deal with stressed cows by using underground pipes to make the temperature around the cage cooler, which is also important for dealing with hard-to-eat cows.

The cold air that enters through pipes at a depth of 1.5 to 3 meters and is channeled into the barn can lower the temperature by 8 to 10 degrees Celsius to avoid extreme temperature changes that cause stress in the cows.

  1. provide a swimming pool

Cows that are stressed due to heat can also be overcome by providing a pool for the cows to bathe in.

Later, the body temperature of the hot cow may drop when entering the pool of water. Later, the heat in the cow’s body can go out in two ways, namely evaporation and conduction, but it must be carefully considered so as not to cause diseases such as mastitis.

  1. add cooling fan

Adding a cooling fan is also the best way to reduce cow stress from hot air, which can also be done with modern sheep farming methods.

The air circulation will be able to function properly and release heat from the cow’s body.

This cooling fan is often used in free stall cages and also original nuts or holding pens which can also be combined with sprinklers.

For the placement of the fan, it is tried vertically and not too high so that it reaches the body of the cow and also the base, which is about 2.5 meters in size.

The cooling fan used must also meet high speed standards and not make much noise.

Installation of a cooling fan is very important because when the cow is eating, an increase in temperature can also occur which makes the cow susceptible to stress.

  1. Combine cooling and fogging fans

The next way to deal with cow stress, especially due to hot weather, is to combine fan cooling with fooging, which is suitable for home-scale farming.

The principle of this method is cold evaporation by using the energy of the air to evaporate water so that the temperature decreases and the humidity increases.

This method is only suitable for low humidity levels.

While the disadvantages of this method are that it requires extra care, the equipment is quite expensive and it also requires large amounts of water and must be clean because water can run into the cow’s nose.

  1. glycogen addition

Glycogen is a source of energy for muscular activity in animals, including cattle, especially for cattle farming. Because healthy cows usually have high levels of glycogen.

Meanwhile, after the meat is slaughtered, the glycogen will be converted into lactic acid, which will give the meat a smooth and savory taste.

Cows experiencing stress prior to slaughter will have low glycogen levels because these stress conditions require more energy which will then also affect the quality of meat produced.

To overcome this, cows traveling more than 3 hours are best given time to rest, eat and drink halfway between their origin and destination.

Before leaving, the cows should also be given vitamins dissolved in drinking water and make sure the transport truck is not too full of cows.

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