this write-up discusses regarding 14 ways to live quail in narrow terrain
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Quail is a type of small bird that grows wild, but can also be kept in cages in the backyard, making it suitable for livestock on narrow land. Unlike chickens, keeping quail in the house is generally not prohibited by city regulations because they are quiet, small, self-controlled animals that lay 5-6 eggs per week. Still, you should also pay attention to some special rules when you want to breed quail. How to raise quail in a narrow area that we will give you this time can be used as a guide to start a business even if you only have a limited land.
1. Think well
In fact, the quail is a small and easy to care for animal. But during breeding, you need to have enough time to feed, monitor your health and collect eggs. You are also likely to run into problems when you first start raising quail. For this reason, you should think about everything before you start raising quail.
2. Determine the location
You can take advantage of the spacious location on the patio or balcony where you can hang quail cages in quail farming for beginners. Clean and clear the surface of the space and you need to lay the straw to collect and dispose of the quail droppings.
3. Cage selection
For the selection of a quail cage, choose a thin, elongated cage and hang the cage on the home, garage or balcony in addition to having to learn how to make quail feed with the HCS pattern. Choose a location with good lighting but sheltered from strong winds. Quail cages are usually made of open wire mesh because quail need shelter and plenty of air. Quail must live in a place away from predators.
To make a quail cage, there are several things that need to be considered, namely, the air temperature in the cage should be stable around 20 to 25 degrees Celsius, the humidity levels between 30 to 80%, and the lighting between 25 to 40 watts for the day and 40 to 60 watts for night, day. The quail cage consists of 2 types, namely litter and battery. The sand cage is a shell floor cage and the battery is a cage system.
The size of the quail cage can also be adjusted, that is, 1 square meter for 90 to 100 quail chicks and it will be reduced to 60 birds per square meter when the quail is 10 days old.
4. Quail breeding seed preparation
Before starting to raise quail, there are 3 things that need to be considered, namely seed preparation, feeding or rations, and management of the livestock business. Choosing quail seeds itself has 3 goals, namely:
- Production of eggs for consumption: Choose breeds of female quail with healthy body conditions and that have never been sick.
- Quail meat production: Breeder selection has been rejected.
- Hatching egg production: Choose quail seed that is high in egg production and healthy males ready to mate.
5. Hang the lights around the cage
Also add lights around the cage which are helpful in increasing quail egg production especially in the rainy or cold season. Quail need 15 hours of light a day to produce eggs. This is also an important part of how to raise quail in a narrow area.
6. Time of marriage
You also need to determine when you want to mate quail or hatch eggs in small-scale quail farming methods. You can buy one quail at a price of around 65 tibu or you can also buy 50 quail eggs at a price of around 260 lakhs to hatch yourself.
7. Determine the Number of Quail
Determine the number of quail you need based on the amount of egg consumption as a basis for successful rearing of laying quail. Calculate the number of egg consumption where five quail eggs are equal to one chicken egg. Plan to raise one female quail per hatch or mating for each egg laid. Quail eggs can be consumed like chicken eggs but of course more quail are required to produce the same number of eggs as chicken eggs.
8. Look for the laying quail race
The Coturnix breed is the most recommended quail breed because not only can it produce eggs in large quantities, but it is also easy to care for and the meat can also be eaten. However, if you are looking for a breed of quail that can produce large eggs, choose the coturnix jumbo breed.
Coturnix quail is also known as Japanese quail. You can also get coturnix quail in different colors such as white and brown tuxedo quail. Coturnix quail can usually start laying eggs between 6 and 8 weeks after adulthood. After that, the quail will produce 1 egg every day. If you have doubts about breeding coturnix quail, you can also buy other breeds of birds such as scaled quail, gambel or quail, although coturnix quail is the most recommended breed.
8. Buy more female quail
Buy at least two female quail for every male quail and separate each male quail. Egg production can be high if you have a lot of female quail in your flock. At the same time, you may only be able to keep one male quail in each cage to avoid obstacles when raising quail. If you have two or more quail in the same cage, the dominant male will try to kill the other male in order to mate with another female.
10. Keep moist
Be sure to keep the humidity between 45-50% in the incubation process and between 65-70% on day 23 of hatching. Place a humidifier and dehumidifier around the brooder to regulate humidity as a way to prevent various quail diseases. This humidity is very important to prevent moisture loss in the egg that should not occur.
11. Maintenance after hatching
After hatching the eggs, keep the quail in a small room. Set the temperature from 100 degrees Fahrenheit to room temperature by lowering it three degrees each day. Chilled quail chicks can hit each other and should be avoided.
12. Raise quail chicks
Keep 100 quail chicks in a 60×90 cm area for the first 10 days. Then add more space for the chicks. Also provide suitable feed for quail chicks until they are 6-8 weeks old. The given food should contain higher nutrients, so it is also important to know how to make fermented quail feed. After more than 8 weeks of age, these foods are no longer needed.
Also, make sure each quail chick can get about 1 meter of land, and provide clean drinking water for quail every day. Also replace the mulch in the bottom of the cage every day and you can use the used straw to make compost. Quail droppings have a high ammonia content, so the straw needs to be changed regularly.
13. Customize the quail food
When the quail are 5 to 6 weeks old, begin to adjust conditions and change the feed to a bird food mix. You can easily buy specialty mixed feeds at pet food stores. Ask if the food you buy is good for the female quail that will lay eggs or not before you buy it. You can also add fresh vegetables, seeds and small insects as quail food.
14. Routine maintenance
Just like other types of livestock, quail farming also requires maintenance that needs to be done regularly, which also needs to be done with quail farming in a tight area. Some of these maintenance include:
- Sanitation and preventive measures: To prevent disease attacks in quail livestock, environmental hygiene must be maintained, including the provision of vaccinations for quail seedlings, especially how to care for 1-day-old quail chicks.
- Disease Control – Disease control can be done anytime you see signs of sick cattle, so take treatment recommended by your animal husbandry office or veterinarian.
- Food: The feed that is given can be in the form of granules, flour and ground flour. Feeding is carried out in the morning and in the evening. Meanwhile, adults receive rations only every morning.
- Vaccination and medicine: Quail breeding should pay attention to the administration of vaccines so that there are no mistakes. At the age of 4 to 7 days, the vaccine can be administered in the form of eye drops or mixed with drinking water. If there are cattle that have already been affected by the disease, they can be helped immediately with instructions from the PPL or the local veterinarian.
That’s 14 ways to raise quail in a tight area that needs attention. I hope it is useful.
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