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15 profitable ways to farm laying hens
Chicken eggs have become one of the best-selling staples in the Indonesian market. Chicken eggs also contain a very high protein content as well as being very easy and practical to process, which is why they are increasingly in demand by consumers.

The high demand for eggs by consumers, of course, also has a good impact on laying hens, so the opportunities in this crop are increasingly promising.

For those of you who want to start raising laying hens, there is some basic knowledge to learn because the characteristics of laying hens are very different from other types of hens, such as how to care for Pelung hens.

Some things that need to be studied properly include choosing the location to make cages, selecting superior seeds, and also several other things like the full review we are providing this time.

  1. Choosing a chicken coop location

When choosing a place to raise laying hens, the thing to do is to avoid making cages in residential areas because the chicken manure will pollute the air and disturb the surrounding community.

In addition, laying hens are also a type of chicken that is easily stressed because they are sensitive to noise. If the laying hens are often stressed and easily frightened, the egg production will also decrease and the quality will be less good. For this reason, be sure to choose laying hen locations that are away from crowds to support chicken health.

  1. Chicken Cage Placement

To make a cage for laying hens for beginners, it should be adjusted to the capital they have. For the manufacture of the chicken coop itself, several main raw materials such as wood and bamboo can be used, it can be 1 level or multi-level depending on the need, which is usually called a battery cage. The battery type of laying hens is the type most used by breeders.

This battery cage is made of wire and insulating material that will later be used to raise laying hens. The cage will be made inclined with a certain slope so that the eggs can roll and collect in the front of the cage to make it easier to collect.

The battery type chicken coop is made of terraces, the position of the cage on the upper level should not exactly fit or match the part of the cage on the lower level, but should be made like a ladder. It is very important to do this so that the chicken manure from the upper cage does not fall on the hen in the lower cage, but falls on the area that has been prepared for easier cleaning.

  1. Preparation of the installation site

Unlike how to care for young game hens that do not require a place to lay eggs, providing a place to lay eggs should be done in the farming of laying hens with the aim of facilitating egg collection and also avoiding dirty eggs. You can make a box of 30 x 35 x 45 cm for 4 or 5 chickens.

This box will later be placed on the wall of the cage in a higher position than the perch so that the eggs are collected younger, not broken, stepped on and eaten by the hens. The base for laying eggs is made of wire in an inclined position so that later the eggs come out of the nest.

  1. Manufacture of hangers

Perches in laying hens are used as a place to rest or sleep. This hanger is made close to the wall, and the falling dirt is easy to clean from the outside. This hanger is made closed so as not to be exposed to direct wind and must be located lower than the place where it is laid.

  1. Food and drink place for chickens

In order to have a place to feed and drink domestic laying hens, there must be a sufficient number of chickens to be raised. The material can be made of bamboo, aluminum or other materials that are strong, will not leak and will not rust, while the gravel holder is made with a special box.

  1. Cage Floor Manufacturing

For the floor of the cage, generally use 10 cm thick litter or mats of a mixture of rice bran or hulls and also some lime and wood waste such as sawdust which can also be made in turkey farming.

This cage system will provide its own advantages, namely retaining moisture in the soil, facilitating cleaning and preventing pests. As for the floor of the cage when using a hole, it can be made of bamboo, wood or wire mesh, which also has the advantage that it is not necessary to clean the dirt because it will fall directly to the ground.

  1. Cage climate and temperature requirements

The cage climate that is very suitable for the laying of domestic hens should have a temperature between 32.2 to 35 degrees Celsius. As for humidity, it should be between 60 to 70 percent. In addition, the cage must also be prepared for lighting or heating that will then be adjusted to the temperature.

Also, make sure the cage faces the direction of the rising sun so that the morning sun can enter the cage while killing germs in the cage, especially in chickens in the rainy season. Also make sure the cage is in a position that is not against the direction of strong wind so that the air circulation can work well.

  1. Choosing the type of laying hen

After obtaining the location of the cage, the next thing that is not less important is to choose superior laying hens. As for the types of laying hens that breeders usually grow, there are two types, namely lehorn hens and medium hens. Lehorn chickens are white laying hens with a slightly slimmer body than medium chickens. Meanwhile, medium chickens are laying hens with brown feathers and a much fatter body than lehorn chickens.

If you look, the stamina of medium hens is much better than that of lehorn hens and the egg production is also higher due to their larger body size. However, when looking at the quality of the eggs, the quality of Lehorn hen eggs is much better than that of medium hens.

Regardless of the laying hens you choose, be sure to choose healthy seeds that are free of physical defects. For more features, see below.

  • Lehorn Laying Hens: Eggs are white, sound sensitive, heat sensitive, and lighter than medium chicks.
  • Medium Laying Hens: Eggs are brown, egg size is larger than Lehorn hens, can be used as broilers, egg prices are higher, and chickens are harder to find.
  1. Choosing superior chicken seeds

There are 2 ways that you can do to seed domestic chicken, namely by hatching from eggs and also by buying chicks directly from chicken farmers in the country. If you decide to buy seeds from breeders, there are several things that need to be taken into account and, of course, different from the characteristics of quality bangkok chickens, namely:

  • Seedlings must come from quality, healthy parents.
  • Seedlings have fine hair.
  • Seed development is quite rapid.
  • have a good appetite
  • Have an ideal weight
  • There are no flaws in the body.
  1. Keep the cage clean

Cage cleanliness is also the most important factor in the success of laying hens. A clean cage will support egg production. Chickens will be able to grow quietly and minimize diseases. Not only the chicken manure needs to be cleaned regularly, but the cleanliness of the chicken body should also be properly maintained. Manure cleaning should be done every day so that domestic chickens can always be healthy and productive.

In addition, to avoid cleaning the cage, you can also add a fish pond under the cage so that all the chicken manure can directly fall into the fish pond.

  1. Feed for laying hens

As for food, how to raise laying hens at home, which can be given to domestic laying hens, there are several types to choose from, such as corn, concentrate or fishmeal. Each of these feeds has different advantages and functions, so it is very important to provide a varied diet so that the nutritional needs of laying hens can be met.

The feeding of domestic chicken breeds is also divided into two phases, namely the starting phase and the finishing phase. For the initiation phase, feed is usually given when the chickens are 0 to 4 weeks old, while for the finishing phase it is given from 4 to 6 weeks with an intensity of 3 times in 1 day and the amount will continue to be added every week. .

  1. Drink Putting Country Chicken

For the first day of lay, domestic hens will usually be given a mixture of sugar and anti-stress. Newly imported chickens from other places are given anti-stress medication so that later the chickens are calmer when they are in the new farm. The provision of drinking water for laying hens is also done in 2 phases, namely start and finish.

  • start phase [1 sampai 29 hari]: The need to drink each week is the first week of 1.8 liters / day / 100 heads, the second week of 3.1 liters / day / 100 heads, the third week of 4.5 liters / day / 100 heads, the fourth week of 7.7 liters / day / 100 heads to which sugar is added up to 50 grams per liter of water and also anti-stress.
  • Completion phase [30 sampai 57 hari]: The fifth week of 9.5 litres/day/100 birds, the sixth week of 10.9 litres/day/per 100 birds, the seventh week of 12.7 litres/day/100 birds.
  1. Vaccination of laying hens

Vaccination is also very important in the farming of laying hens to provide nutrients and vitamins as well as to increase the immune system of the hens and how to treat sick hens. In addition to vaccines, you can also add nutrients and vitamins by mixing them directly into chicken feed.

In addition to vaccinations, regular examinations should also be carried out to prevent disease attacks from an early stage. If it is found that there are unhealthy chickens, immediately separate the chickens from the healthy ones so that they do not get infected. Once the separation of the chickens has been carried out, intensive care can be continued by giving vitamins, nutrients or vaccinations to the sick chickens so that they can be healthy again.

  1. egg harvest

Egg collection can be done 3 times a day, that is, in the morning, in the afternoon and at night. Although it can be done 3 times a day, usually the quality of the eggs is not always good and there will be some abnormal eggs.

The first panel is done in the morning between 10 and 11 am, the second egg collection in the afternoon is done from 1 to 2 hours, while the last egg collection is done by checking the entire state of the cage. leaves from 3 to 4 pm. Additional income from laying hen farming is old or discarded chicken meat, such as broiler farming, and manure, which can also be sold as manure.

  1. egg collection

Eggs that have been successfully collected will be placed in the egg tray or egg tray and should be separated into normal eggs and abnormal eggs. Distinguish quality eggs from those that are not noticeable by several things, such as the following.

  • Normal eggs are generally oval in shape, while abnormal eggs are oval or even flattened.
  • Normal eggs are the correct size, while abnormal eggs are either too large or too small.
  • Normal eggs have thin shells, while abnormal eggs have thick shells.
  • If you put it in water, normal eggs will sink, while abnormal or rotten eggs will float.

After all the eggs are collected and separated into normal and abnormal, the dirty eggs will be cleaned with fine iron sandpaper, and then washed with a special liquid that is usually made for hatching eggs.

that is the write-up about 15 profitable ways to farm laying hens

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