this short article discusses above 18 Ways to Farm Freshwater Vaname Shrimp
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Once the development of processed seafood or what we know as seafood in the community, there is more potential for companies to meet these needs. From the type of food in the form of fish, squid, lobster or shrimp, it will undoubtedly be the main product to be processed in this seafood.
However, the popularity of shellfish is also accompanied by the presence of foods with the same preparations, except that they come from fresh water, such as fish and shrimp. So freshwater fish or shrimp farming is no less popular.
Various forms of fish farming, such as cork fish farming in canvas ponds, carp farming in concrete ponds, pomfret fish farming, dart fish farming, and of course, organic fish farming. catfish in canvas ponds, are not uncommon for fish farmers who want to get into the freshwater fish business. .
In addition to the types of freshwater fish that can be farmed, there is also one type of shrimp that can be farmed in freshwater, namely the vaname shrimp. This vaname shrimp is a type of shrimp that can be farmed in fresh water. This may be a variation of freshwater aquaculture that we usually know only in the form of fish. This shrimp is quite famous because it has advantages over shrimp in general. One of them is the resistance of this shrimp to diseases. If you apply for vaname shrimp farming, please pay attention to the stages of freshwater vaname shrimp farming as follows:
1. Selection of cultivation sites
Site selection for shrimp or fish farming is important. Because that’s where it’s kept, including raising the seeds to become harvestable shrimp. This location selection can be adjusted to your own needs. You can search for an existing location and try to have it by buying it or you can find a location yourself and ask an expert to help you dig a spot for vaname shrimp farming.
2. Crop setup
The cultivation of this freshwater vaname is generally carried out in ponds. Although it is still possible to raise vaname shrimp in canvas ponds, such as farming sangkuriang catfish in canvas ponds, ideally, vaname shrimp should be raised in brackish water such as in ponds. Therefore, it is necessary to pay attention to the adjustment of the water content of the pond for the culture of vaname shrimp.
3. Drying pond
Such as carp farming in a wall pond or in an earthen pond. Pond water that will be used for cultivation must first be drained. This is done in an effort to kill bacteria in the pond that could interfere with the life of the vaname shrimp later on. You should also remove fish that may prey on vaname shrimp by adding saponins to the pond.
The water in this pond is left to dry for 3 days to ensure that the bacteria present completely disappear and die. At this time, you can also watch the ebb and flow of water in this pond. To produce quality shrimp, a continuous flow of water is required.
4. Pest eradication
Before you start putting shrimp seeds in the pond, you need to make sure there are no pests that will threaten the growth of the vaname shrimp you are going to farm. Because if there are still pests in this pond, they can eat small vaname shrimp. Because this pest is none other than a fish that has the ability to prey on small vaname shrimp. Therefore, in order to anticipate the premature death that will be caused by the failure of the vaname shrimp harvest, eradication of this pest should be considered.
5. Fertilization Process
The next thing that can be done for freshwater vaname shrimp farming is fertilization. These ponds must receive organic fertilizers and inorganic fertilizers. This fertilization is done in order to improve the quality of the soil whose water has been drained. The composition of this organic fertilizer may be in the form of wheat flour, rice bran, soybean meal, cottonseed, corn and animal manure and the like. The dose of organic fertilizer can reach 150-200 kg per hectare. Meanwhile, inorganic fertilizers can be as much as 25-30 kg per hectare.
6. Filling with water in the pool
The pond water can begin to fill when the pond floor has been prepared. You can start adding water to this pond gradually. Then let the water that has filled in this pond sit for 2-3 weeks. This water is left for that time to maintain the PH of the water so that it remains normal.
7. Choose good shrimp seeds
To produce good quality vaname shrimp, superior seeds that have good quality are also required. The characteristics of good shrimp seeds have different characteristics. It’s just that, you can decide to choose good shrimp seeds by looking at their physical form. As the shape of a uniform size, the gills and intestines are clearly visible. Make sure that the shrimp fry can swim against the current and, more importantly, that they do not have any physical defects or injuries.
8. Fry’s Sock (Shrimp Vaname Boy)
Benur is the name of vaname prawns that are ready to spread. Before spreading the vaname prawns, they must be acclimatized to the temperature of the water in this pond. The trick is to float the bags containing the fry in the pond. This then continues by washing the bag containing the fry with water in the pond.
Then the bag containing the fry is slowly opened and water is slowly started to be given in the pond for about 15 to 20 minutes. Then the floating bag tipped over and let the white vaname shrimp come out of the bag alone into the pond water.
9. Fingerling storage time
The time to repopulate the vaname shrimp can be during the day. Slightly different from the time of spreading the seeds of other species of freshwater fish that is done in the afternoon or the sun is not too strong. If the vaname shrimp are stored even when the sun is hot, the heat is during the day,
10. Shrimp farming
Attention needs to be paid to the maintenance of this freshwater vaname shrimp, starting from stocking the fingerlings (vaname shrimp) until the vaname shrimp is ready to be harvested. What is needed to be continuously monitored and maintained is to monitor the temperature in the pond, the PH content in it, then the oxygen content and also the depth of the water in the pond.
11. Vaname Shrimp Feed
In the first 7 days after stocking, these white vaname shrimp do not need to be fed. Because in the pond there are many things that can serve as food that the vaname shrimp can consume. After the age of 7 days, you can feed a high-protein feed up to 30% of the feed dose given. The feeding frequency can start from 3 to 4 times a day.
12. Pool water change
Although one of the advantages of this vaname shrimp is that it has a strong resistance to disease, it does not mean that the water in the pond where it lives does not need to be replaced. The first water replacement for this pond can start when the shrimp are 60 days old, and even then only 10% of the pond water volume. Then, in the following month, the water replacement is increased to 15-20% and is carried out during high tide.
13. Observing the development of shrimp
This farmed shrimp needs to be watched and observed. If there are shrimp that die, then be aware of the presence of viruses that may come into the pond. Do regular monitoring and maintenance so that the growth of shrimp can be properly controlled.
14. Observe the weather
Because pond shrimp farming includes outdoor shrimp farming. So this meteorological factor must be considered. If the weather is rainy outside, you can add natural lime to taste. If the weather is hot, you can also add water to the pool or you can also add dolomite lime.
15. Update of information
For those of you who don’t know much about freshwater vaname shrimp farming yet, you can join or meet other freshwater shrimp farmers or fish farmers so you can share knowledge in running a business. So you can also continue to develop innovations that you can get from anywhere.
16. Shrimp harvest time
The harvest time of the Vaname shrimp is quite different from other freshwater fish farms. Because the vaname shrimp harvest time can be done at night.
17. Preparation before harvest
2-3 days before harvest, this vaname shrimp pond needs to be limed at a rate of 50-70 kg/ha. This is done because if it is daytime and the sun is hot, it is feared that the prawns will undergo a molting process.
18. Shrimp harvest time
Vannamei shrimp can begin harvesting when they are 4-5 months old. The criteria for the ideal size of shrimp at harvest time is approximately 40-50 shrimp weighing 1 kg. So that the harvested shrimp are more or less the same size and weight.
In addition to some of the information above, here we provide a video tutorial related to how to grow vaname shrimp for rapid spawning.
There are many things that can be learned when farming shrimp or farming fish in freshwater. Because each of these animals has its own advantages and disadvantages in the maintenance process. So not all types of fish or shrimp farming can be generalized in the way of maintenance. Because the maintenance that is suitable for one type of animal is not necessarily suitable for other animals. Therefore, you can increase your farming knowledge from people nearby who are used to farming in fresh water.
This will really help you if you are farming freshwater fish and shrimp. Also, the knowledge you gain can be directly applied and applied so you can see what things you can and are suitable for your use and what you can’t.
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