this write-up discusses more than 18 ways to grow carp in earthen ponds

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18 ways to grow carp in earthen ponds
The fish farming business is rampant enough already. From the cultivation of fish seeds to the cultivation of fish for consumption. Freshwater fish farming has many options. Not just carp, catfish or catfish.

Carp farming in concrete ponds, carp farming in canvas ponds is an option if you want to start farming carp. Another option is carp farming in an earthen pond. Unlike canvas ponds which can be made of bamboo or wooden frames, earthen ponds have many challenges in fish farming.

Canvas ponds are one of the cheapest types of fish farming. Because the treatment is not as difficult as growing fish in other ponds such as cement or concrete. Novice fish farmers also widely practice how to grow organic catfish in canvas ponds. Although there are many types of catfish that can be farmed, carp can also be an option for farming freshwater fish. There are interesting things that can be a concern when starting carp farming. Of the many sizes of carp that are farmed, this fish still has its share of the market. Therefore, this carp farming can be one of your business options.

1. Meet males and females

Knowing the type of fish you are going to raise may seem standard or not very important. However, knowing the sex of the carp you have can increase your knowledge as a fish farmer. Because if you have plans to have your own calf in the future. By doing this business, of course, there will be an expansion that you want to do in the future. It’s like knowing the difference between male and female catfish if you also grow catfish.

2. Good selection of parents

Selection of a good parent is usually done by carp breeders. However, even when choosing carp seeds, it is a good idea to know what the physical characteristics of a good parent look like in order to produce good fish as well. What you need to keep in mind if you are also growing the mother carp to produce good seeds, then you need to pay attention that the main carp is ready to spawn or ready to carry out the fertilization process.

The requirement for the male parent to be ready to spawn is 2 to 2.5 kg in weight. The age of male breeders is about 2 years. On the body it has large and regular scales. Its physical condition is healthy and the color is evenly distributed. For female bulls, there are no requirements that are not very different from male bulls, which weigh between 2.5 and 3 kg. Breeding females have a lifespan of about 2 years. It has large and regular scales, on the abdomen it is rounded and the genitalia are red. The brood of females should also be healthy and the color uniformly bright.

3. Determining the location of the pool

The existence of fish farming ponds usually have a special location. If you really intend to focus on this line of business. The location of a fish pond, like an earthen pond, is not like a canvas pond that can be built on any vacant area. For this in-ground pool, of course, the correct location is required.

The size of the earthen pond that can be used for carp farming can be from 100 to 500 square meters. With the size of the pond you can have a population density of 20 birds per square meter. The water height in this ground pool can be made as high as 70cm, which has a pool water discharge of 15-20m.

4. Ground pool preparation

This area of ​​the prepared soil pond should be excavated and left first. This soil dries for 3 days. This soil is drained until the appearance of this soil cracks. The appearance of this cracked soil indicates that this soil is free of disease germs.

5. Filling of ground pools

Before filling this above ground pool with the required water, the part of the pool that has an area for drains or commonly called a gate needs to install a water filter. This is done in order to prevent the entry of pests or animals through the water channel. This earthen pond also needs to be fertilized before it fills with water. The fertilizer given to this pond can be in the form of chicken manure that has dried out. The amount of fertilizer that should be put in this pond can be up to 500 grams per square meter. In addition, you must also add lime up to 25 grams per square meter.

6. Carp seed storage

The distribution of carp seeds in this ground pond can be done when the weather is gloomy and the temperature is stable, such as in the morning or at night. The dose of this seed population density is 7 birds per square meter. This dose applies to seeds that have a size of 100 grams per head.

7. Food

During the maintenance period, the feeding of the carp is carried out in stages. Starting in the morning, afternoon and evening. The content of granules that can be given to catfish seeds is 25% to 30% protein. In addition to pellet feed, you can also provide additional feed in the form of sante leaves, genjer leaves, cassava leaves, or kale leaves. This food is given little by little so that this carp enjoys it well. If your carp still seems hungry, you can increase the intensity of the fish feeding you usually give it.

8. Pond and fish care

Taking care of ponds and fish is one of the things that must be done when starting a fish farming business. Because this will affect the performance of the fish that will be collected later. For the fish pond itself, it must be properly controlled. The trick is to check the volume of water in the pool. Checking the temperature and PH of the water will affect the growth of carp in your pond.

9. Tent extension

Unlike catfish, which can be harvested in 1-2 months and can be harvested immediately, this carp takes more time to harvest. The extension time itself can start from 75 days to 100 days. After 100 days of maintenance, you can still continue to maintain it as a potential carp spawner for the future. Because the requirement to be male and female carp breeders is at least 2 years.

10. Breeding on a floating net

There are other ways you can try raising carp for farming, namely by making floating nets. This model can be scaled up in places like lakes, swamps, or reservoirs. This net is in a square shape and then this net is placed in a place like a lake, swamp or reservoir that is free of debris.

11. Floating Network Configuration

It is not difficult to install a floating net to raise your carp. You need to prepare various items like a plastic drum, a paralon tube, a 50kg weight, a board and also a plastic rope. The shape of this floating net is suitable for rope ties on bamboo poles in reservoirs, swamps or lakes. However, this is not the main way of raising carp. However, this can be tried to apply in the cultivation of cursed fish or what can be called snakehead fish.

12. How to Harvest

After entering the age of 75 to 100 days, the carp you have kept can begin to be harvested. Before this harvest period, the carp will usually be suckled repeatedly so that this carp will have various sizes that have their own share of the market.

13. Gourami Size

There are several types of sizes of carp that can be collected when they are starting to grow. The name of this size is very unique to hear, from each of these names ranging from the size of Oyong seeds, Moringa leaves, razor blades, matches, cigarette packs, palms, then there are sizes that are consumed commonly in general and the size of carp that can be consumed, in particular.

14. Preparation before harvesting the carp

To harvest carp seeds can be done by reducing the water by a certain size. The flow of water in the pool is reduced until a small hole remains in the corner of the pool. Then, you can place a few leaves over the small hole so that the fry feel comfortable. To harvest adult size, you need to prepare a net that stretches from the end of the pond, then you can slowly pull it. And you can move one by one when this net has transported the carp.

15. Post-harvest activities

There are things that need to be considered after carrying out the harvesting activities. Because post-harvest activities such as high density can lead to fish kills. And usually this high density is done suddenly without any prior adjustment. Therefore, post-harvest activities should be considered to avoid death at harvest time.

16. The habit of eating carp

So the more you farm the carp, the more their eating habits will change. The more mature the carp in the pond they prefer food in the form of aquatic plants or types of leaves such as cassava leaves, papaya leaves and even aquatic plants such as hydrilla, azolla and others. While the carp, which is still a larva, prefers insects or microorganisms in the pond.

17. Keep the pool away from light

Providing light can actually be good for fish farmers to make it easier to easily control and monitor the presence of fish in the pond. However, at night it is best not to illuminate the fish with lights or flashlights. Because this can make the fish stressed. And this can also trigger the death of fish in the pond. Thus, at night it is better not to provide lighting with light or other than sunlight in the morning and in the afternoon.

18. Good marketing

There are activities that have tremendous benefits when it comes to growing carp. Because from the smallest part, namely the eggs, to the carp that grows, they have their own market share. So you can enjoy the results without having to wait for your carp to grow and mature before you can enjoy it.

This is an explanation on how to grow carp in an earthen pond that produces and can quickly and accurately breed carp without fatal losses. I hope it is useful.

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