this posting discusses in excess of 5 differences between the breed chicken and the domestic chicken

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In the business of raising chickens, there are various types of terms for chickens, ranging from purebred chickens to non-bred chickens, fighting chickens, to ornamental chickens. The grouping of the types of chickens is due to several differences. Difference Between Racing Chicken and Domestic Chicken in the business world, including:

difference type

Purebred chickens, also known as domestic chickens, have two main groups, namely broilers (raised chickens) and laying hens (leghorn chickens). These two types of constellations are typically farmed by large chicken ranchers and have a large commercial scale and market share. Also Read About: Characteristics of Lingnan Chicken

Meanwhile, the types of chickens that are classified as domestic chickens (not breeds) are even more numerous. You may know Javanese chickens as native chickens. However, there are several other types of chickens that are also classified as domestic chickens, such as Kedu chickens, Sumatran chickens, Lampung chickens, Pelung chickens, Arabian chickens, and Bangkok chickens. Also read about: how to care for serama chickens

Differences in maintenance purposes

Another difference between purebred chickens and domestic chickens is related to the purpose of their keeping. Broilers, of course, are raised for the purpose of selling their meat and laying hens for the purpose of selling their eggs. Chicken ranchers who raise native chickens also aim to sell their meat and eggs. Also read about: characteristics of chicken cemani

The nutritional value of native chicken meat and eggs is not inferior to that of purebred chickens. There are also some people who prefer native chicken or domestic chicken because it has a denser chewy texture and more savory flavor than purebred chicken.

Food and maintenance

The difference between the two types of hens is also in the feeding and in the way of raising the hens. Purebred chickens are usually kept in cages that have been arranged in such a way and are usually given artificial feed that is the result of industrial production to ensure that the chickens develop well and have a high weight at the time of hatching. harvest and be productive in producing eggs for laying hens.

Meanwhile, the method of keeping native chickens is slightly different. How to keep native chickens is usually kept in a coop that has an empty page. In the morning until late afternoon, the chickens are released in the yard so that they can search for food or grass on the ground, and in the afternoon until night they are placed in the cage. For food, you can give him any food, including leftovers. The usual food given to native chickens includes corn kernels, fine bran, pieces of kale, and pieces of papaya leaves. You can also add factory-made feed as a feed additive.

selling price difference

The domesticated and purebred chicken business also has a difference in selling price. Free range chickens generally command a higher selling price. For the price of eggs, domestic chicken eggs are also relatively more expensive than domestic chicken eggs.

Free range chickens can be kept in a narrow yard

Free range chickens are also relatively easy to raise, even if you only have a small area of ​​land. You can use the empty yard behind the house to raise native chickens. The thing to keep in mind when keeping on a narrow lot/yard is the cleanliness of the cage.

Because it is located close to neighboring houses and settlements, for convenience, of course, you should keep your pet’s cage clean by diligently cleaning up chicken manure so that it does not cause bad odors.

Which is better, between purebred chicken and native chicken? Before that we need to understand the definition of ranching in general. Livestock is a sector that has a great opportunity to develop as a business in the future. The community’s need for livestock products will increase each year.

Livestock as a provider of protein, energy, vitamins and minerals is increasing along with increased public awareness of nutritional needs to improve quality of life. One of the most common farms in Indonesia is chicken farming.

The contribution of chickens to national meat production went from 20% in the 1970s to 65.27% (1,533,000 tons) in 2010 and 13% of them (287.8 thousand tons) came from local chickens . In 2012, the contribution of chicken meat was 66.8%, mostly purebred chickens.

Purebred chicken is a term for chickens produced by farming technology that are economical with characteristics of rapid growth, efficient feed conversion meat production and ready for slaughter at the age of 5 to 6 weeks for both males and females. females (young crop) . The history of this breed of chicken in Indonesia was known in the 1970s and developed in the 1980s. The purebred chicken itself uses They are or superior breeds of chickens. The superior breeds of chicken stocks were obtained from the crossbreeding of superior chickens.

Strains found in commercial chicken breeds in Indonesia include: Cobb, AA, avian, Hubbard, Ross, Super 77, Tegel 70, ISA, Kim cross, Lohman 202, Hyline, Vdett, Missouri, Shaver Starbro, Pilch, Yabro, Goto, Arbor arcres, Tatum, Indian river, Hybro, Cornish, Brahma, Langshans, Hypeco-Broiler , Marshall”m”, Euribrid, AA 70, H&N, Sussex, Bromo and CP 707.

One of the things that can be done to improve the quality of broilers is to provide medications including antibiotics, vaccines, and vitamins needed to help keep the chickens healthy or treat them if they get sick.

The selection and use of medications must be appropriate to the case in question. Therefore, the diagnosis of the disease must not be misdiagnosed for effective treatment therapy. These drugs are only a support, not the main factor for chickens to be healthy. Because, the main factor in producing healthy chickens is sanitation and proper maintenance management. Good, expensive drugs will be of no use if sanitation management and maintenance are poor. In fact, it can cause losses, because disease problems often arise that are difficult to overcome and lead to high production costs.

The most common poultry farming is domestic chicken, which is one of the local chickens usually kept by farmers in rural areas as a producer of hatching eggs, table eggs and meat. In addition to being able to be grown part-time, it is easy to maintain with simple technology and can be sold at any time for urgent needs.

This chicken has promising prospects, both economically and socially, because it is a very nutritious food ingredient and the demand for it is quite high. Eggs and meat from native chickens have their own market share. This is indicated by the price that exceeds eggs and meat from purebred chickens and many consumers. Free-range chicken types include Sumatran, Nunukan, Kedu, Bangkok, Merawang, Sentul, Pelung, and ornamental chickens.

Why are domestic chicken farms in Indonesia traditionally kept so low? This is due to high mortality rates, slow growth, low egg production, high feed costs, small commercial scale. To increase the population, production, productivity and efficiency of domesticated chicken farming, it is necessary to improve its maintenance from traditional to agribusiness.

Based on the above factors, efforts can be made to increase the productivity of native chickens by implementing “Sapta Usaha” for native chickens, which includes seed selection, disease prevention, housing, feeding with balanced nutrition, reproductive system, post-harvest, marketing, business administration.

According to sources from the General Directorate of Livestock (2006), after these efforts, the population of free-range chicken farms in 2003 stood at 275,291,873 heads with a meat and egg production of 298,516 tons and 177,015 eggs, respectively. Meanwhile, in 2006 the population was 298,431,917 individuals with a meat and egg production of 322,780 tons and 181,095 eggs, respectively. Also read about: what to pay attention to before breeding native chickens

What is the difference between purebred chicken and domestic chicken?

From the above information, it can be seen that the comparison between purebred chickens and native chickens is 39-40 days old and can reach a weight of 1.8 kg, while native chickens need more than 3 months. Even now, modern breeds of chickens can reach the same weight at the age of 31-32 days. The harvest of purebred chickens is 5-6 weeks, while native chickens are 3-4 months. The nutritional content of native chickens is higher than that of purebred chickens. Also read about: the benefits of brown sugar for native chickens

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