this write-up discusses in excess of 8 Narrow Ground Shrimp Farming for Beginners
you should examine and hear bit by bit so that by yourself comprehend and can be applied towards your day-to-day lifestyle.
Because it will be easier to farm using narrow land that will later be used as a place for shrimp farming.
Isn’t this better? Farming shrimp using existing land and still getting maximum profit, let’s look at the following steps:
1. Choose the Type of Prawns
Just like floating net cage shrimp farming, of course, before farming you must first choose what kind of shrimp you will use to exploit the narrow area. Still confused about choosing the type of shrimp: Well, let’s look at this potential type of shrimp that often develops in Indonesia:
This giant prawn is a type of freshwater shrimp that belongs to the Macrobrachium rosenbergii group. Where the highlight of this giant prawn is its body size, which is undoubtedly larger than the body size of other shrimp. Giant prawns are also the largest shrimp species in the world with a size reaching 30 cm. Apart from this large body size, giant prawns can also be recognized by several special features, such as: having teeth that resemble a saw with the number below 11 and above 12, the head of the giant prawn is conical shape and has a wide end of the rest.
Giant prawns are cannibalistic and will be more difficult to care for than other types of shrimp. This is also one of the factors why giant prawns are still outnumbered in terms of farming in Indonesia. This type of large shrimp is usually farmed in concrete ponds, ponds or can be in a narrow area or using a home scale with a canvas pond. The price of giant prawns is also high in the market.
Tiger shrimp is a type of sea shrimp that belongs to P. monodon. Where the characteristics and physical form of the tiger prawn are: it has a fairly hard skin and can be consumed. In addition to giant prawns, tiger prawns are also one of the large prawns. Another well-known name for tiger prawns is the giant tiger prawn. However, this tiger shrimp, which is usually the dominant larger body, is the female shrimp.
In addition to vannamei shrimp, tiger prawns are a type of shrimp that many people have today. However, great care must be taken in the maintenance of this tiger shrimp because in Indonesia these shrimp are often attacked by diseases in the form of white spot virus. However, behind the difficulty of tiger shrimp farming, the price offered for tiger shrimp in the market is very expensive.
The reputation of the vannamei shrimp is unquestionable and questionable in Indonesia, because this shrimp has truly become a prima donna and is often farmed. Vannamei shrimp is a type of shrimp that is often referred to as white-legged shrimp, this is a type of sea shrimp that belongs to the L. vannamei classification that is usually used for consumption.
This shrimp has also been called prawn or prawn. Although the size of this vannamei shrimp is the smallest among all other pond shrimp, it is only 23cm long, just like the traditional farmed vanamei shrimp.
2. Crop Requirements
Here are some requirements that must be met before farming shrimp in a narrow area, namely:
- The water temperature ranges from 26 to 30 degrees C and make sure the water is brackish water which has water salinity up to 33 ppt.
- Make sure that the terrestrial means to be used are clean and free of various polluting and dangerous waste.
- You can start by making a growing area in the form of small ponds or canvas ponds to save maintenance space.
- In order to harvest more in a year, try to have more than one pond.
- Measure the pH of the soil when you are loosening the soil with a hoe-shaped tool.
- Lime so that the pH of the soil becomes neutral if the pH is too acidic
- After preparing the soil, leave it for about 3-4 days until the soil is cracked and dry.
- Use organic fertilizer such as using dry manure 5-10cm thick to restore soil fertility levels after leaving for 3 days and adding water to the pond.
- Add water with a height of 10-25 cm for the first time after fertilizing, leave it for a week.
3. Shrimp Seed Selection
Just like how to grow shrimp in the rainy season, before you start the cultivation step, you need to choose the shrimp seeds first, especially after choosing the type of shrimp to be grown later. Obtaining these shrimp seeds is not difficult and you can buy them directly from shrimp farmers. Regardless of the type of shrimp you choose, choose seeds that look healthy, active, and don’t look defective.
4. Pool preparation
You can do the pond preparation as explained in the previous point by using small ponds or by making a canvas pond which does not require a lot of money and is easy to repair. Pay attention to water discharge and water pH to create a pond habitat that matches the shrimp’s natural habitat. Make a hose to remove and replenish the pool water so that it is not easily attacked by germs.
5. Shrimp seed sowing
And how to propagate from good seeds is as follows:
- First select shrimp seeds that are really good and healthy for farming.
- Put the seeds in a container filled with water, and then shake the seedling place and see the movement of shrimp seeds, if they can still survive and actively move until the water fluctuation ends, then the seeds are suitable for cultivation .
- Now when you have confirmed that the shrimp seeds are good seeds, you can spread the seeds in the pond you prepared earlier.
- After selecting the seeds, you can sow them immediately, but put them in a plastic filled with water for 30 minutes before to adjust the temperature of the pool water to the temperature of the seedling container so that it is easy to adjust to the temperature of the water. from the pool
6. How to prevent shrimp disease
Shrimp farmers generally have special methods and ways to prevent various shrimp diseases that will generally affect farmed shrimp, namely:
- Make intensive observations where you have to be more attentive to see if there are problems or diseases that attack the shrimp. Based on the characteristics and morphology of the disease that usually attacks the group of shrimp.
- And you can also monitor disease germs by microscopic observation using laboratory analysis tests by analyzing pond water samples or shrimp body putongan.
- As usual, watch the physical condition of the shrimp, if there is a disease or it is not actively moving, be careful.
7. Shrimp feed
Even though you are farming shrimp in a narrow area, in order to get a bountiful harvest, you also need to maximize the feed or shrimp feed so that it will then produce a lot of shrimp and optimally. Shrimp feed should contain balanced and nutritious nutrients. Make the feeding with the appropriate time and method. Read the cultivation of giant prawns.
8. Harvest process
Although it is a little different than how ornamental shrimp are grown in an aquarium, harvesting of pond-raised shrimp generally takes 4-7 months at first harvest or harvest. Where, in general, the shrimp harvest can be done many times, not simultaneously, according to the needs of the market. However, this depends on the physical condition of the shrimp and the pond.
Those are the problems and steps to farm shrimp in a narrow area that you can do yourself as a shrimp farmer. Although narrow terrain is used, if done with the correct steps, it will still provide an optimum harvest. Good luck!
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