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Brackish water is a rather special type of water. There are various types of fish and living things that live in these waters. Even now, brackish water fish farming is very popular for various reasons. Since the price is more expensive, the taste is better, and various other factors. What fish usually live in brackish water? Let’s see it in the next review.
Brackish water is a combination of salt water and fresh water. Brackish water has the following characteristics:
- Contains salt levels between 0.5 to 30 grams calculated per liter.
- It has a fairly calm water current compared to salt water.
- The oxygen content in brackish water is relatively lower.
- residence time in brackish water it is quite long.
There is also a growing number of fish farmed in brackish water to meet market needs and as a source of animal protein. These are some types of brackish water fish:
Milkfish is a plankton-eating herbivorous fish that lives in brackish waters and is quite popular in Indonesia because the price is still affordable and the taste of the meat is delicious and tasty, so it can be processed into various kinds of preparations .
Milkfish is considered quite easy to grow. Milkfish seeds weighing 50 grams can be placed 500 heads per cubic meter. In 4 months later, when the milkfish weighs approximately 450 grams, the milkfish is ready to be caught.
Mere (Epinephelus coioides)
The grouper is one of the biotas that inhabits the waters of estuaries, mangroves or waters near the coast. In the past, this fish was easy to find, but now, in the natural ecosystem, the grouper is difficult to find due to unfriendly fishing methods. This then has an impact on the price of the grouper which is getting more and more expensive.
The grouper is one of the fish with the most followers due to its delicious meat. But now it can’t be enjoyed easily. The grouper is also unique in that it can live in salt water, fresh water, and brackish water.
white snapper (afternoon calcareous)
The white snapper or also known as barramundi is a type of carnivorous fish. This fish feeds on fish smaller than itself and also on crustaceans. The white snapper can live in tropical and subtropical areas with its natural habitat in rivers with clear and turbid waters, river estuaries and mangrove waters.
This fish is capable of maximally growing to a length of up to 1.8 meters with a body weight of up to 60 kg. This snapper is a bottom-dwelling fish, both freshwater and saltwater. Most fish that can live in both fresh and salt water certainly can live in brackish water as well.
mullet (crenemugil seheli)
Red mullet is one of the fish with a fairly good quality, but unfortunately not many people know about it. Now mullet farming has started on the islands of Java and Kalimantan.
Mullets have a shape that at first glance appears very similar to that of the milkfish. It’s just that the mullet is a bit thinner and flatter. Mullet have very small teeth, even in some species there are mullet that have no teeth.
The puffer fish is a fish of the family Tetraodontidae It is one of the most poisonous fish in the world. However, if you can process this fish, puffer fish can still be consumed as in Japan, Korea, and China, they usually process puffer fish into processed foods.
family Tetraodontidae classified into 20 different genera with 121 species of puffer fish. The puffer fish is a fish that can expand its body and then remove the spines from all over the body if it feels threatened. The spines on its body are certainly a weapon for the puffer fish because these spines contain poison that can be deadly to some living things.
Pomfret is a predatory fish where it eats other fish as its main food. Pomfret also comes from a family with other predatory fish, namely the piranha fish. So don’t be surprised if the pomfret’s body morphology has similarities to piranha fish. One of them is its sharp teeth.
Pomfret is a freshwater fish, but can also be farmed in brackish water. This fish has a delicious meaty flavor which is why it is very popular.
tilapia fish (Oreochromis mossambicus)
Tilapia fish are actually better known as freshwater fish, but today tilapia fish can also be farmed in brackish water. This is a distinct advantage tilapia possesses because it can be flexibly kept in freshwater and brackish water without any significant difference in taste.
Tilapia fish is a fish that was introduced from East Africa. This fish is often farmed due to the rapid reproduction of the fish. 3-month-old fish can be raised, and after laying, tilapia fish can be raised again after one and a half months. Before the chicks are released into the water independently, the chicks will usually be in the mother’s mouth for a few days after hatching.
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