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Freshwater fish are one of the prima donna on the market because they are easy to breed and raise. You don’t even need to go to the sea to get it, so the price is quite affordable. Freshwater fish help meet the need for fish in the market, even when the weather is bad and fishing is difficult. Of course, there are various types of freshwater fish. But in this article, let us discuss the most popular and widely farmed freshwater fish in Indonesia.

According to research, 41% of fish live in fresh water. The basic difference between fresh water and salt water is the salinity level of the water. In fresh water, the salinity level of the water is less than 0.05%. So fish that live in fresh and salt water have different body physiology and are created adapted to their habitat.

In Indonesia, freshwater fish is often used as a source of side dishes to meet nutrition and protein intake, as well as processing that can be created in various ways. The following are the types of freshwater fish in Indonesia:

Parrotfish (oreochromis niloticus)

Tilapia is a fish that entered Indonesia and was imported from East Africa around 1969. Now tilapia is quite a popular freshwater fish.

Tilapia is often equated with Tilapia in terms of keeping and nutritional value. Tilapia should not be mixed in the same pond with other fish because they are quite aggressive.

In one clutch of eggs, the mother tilapia can lay 300 to 1,500 eggs depending on her body size.

tilapia fish (Oreochromis mossambicus)

The mujair fish is said to have been first discovered in Indonesia in 1939 by a man named Mujair at the mouth of the Serang River. Therefore, the fish is now known as the mujair fish.

Tilapia fish also come from Africa and now, in their country of origin, tilapia often compete with tilapia in terms of food. Tilapia fish reproduce quite quickly when at the age of 3 months the fish have started to mate. After the eggs hatch from the fish’s body, dozens of eggs incubate in the mother’s mouth for a week. After the chicks are weaned, the mother tilapia can mate again 1.5 months later. Therefore, the breeding of this fish is quite fast.

Types of Freshwater Fish

Catfish (Clariidae)

The catfish has a feature that makes it easy to distinguish from other fish, namely the long whiskers around its mouth. In addition to being eaten, catfish are also often placed in dirty water due to the catfish’s ability to clean dirty water.

Catfish in Indonesia is famous for its fried or seasoned processing. This fish is high in vitamin D and low in omega 3 fatty acids but high in omega 6.

Types of Freshwater Fish

Goldfish (Cyprinus carpio)

Goldfish arrived in Indonesia in the 1920s from various regions such as China, Taiwan, Japan, and even parts of Europe. China is the largest contributor of goldfish in the world, reaching 70%. Of course, goldfish also have economic value and their presence has spread throughout Indonesia.

Catfish (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus)

The catfish has other names such as bangkok catfish, jambal siam or bangkok shark. Catfish are in high demand and in high demand to meet consumer needs. The catfish is scaleless with an elongated body shape.

fish cork (striated channa)

The snakehead fish is a type of predatory freshwater fish with a large body that can even reach a size of 1 meter. The head is classified as flat with a large mouth and sharp teeth.

Some of these fish were deliberately bred and even now some can be found wild in rivers or swamps. Snakehead fish contains proteins that are important to the body, one of which is albumin.

Types of Freshwater Fish

wader fish (Puntius binotatus)

The wading fish are distributed in western Indonesia, Indochina, and the Philippines. Straddle fish is classified as small fish which in Indonesia is not only consumed as a side dish to complement rice, but is also dry-fried into chips due to the small size of the fish.

This fish is only 10 to 17 cm long with colors ranging from silvery, olive to greyish.

Nilem (Osteochilus vittatus)

The Nilem fish is a type of herbivorous freshwater fish that is spread throughout Southeast Asia. In Indonesia itself, this fish is widely farmed on the island of Java, but is now beginning to be introduced to the island of Sulawesi.

Nilem fish is popular for its eggs because it is processed with Nilem eggs which taste great. This type of nilem fish is now also popularly used as a therapy to remove dirt from the feet.

Types of Freshwater Fish

gourami (Osphronemus gouramy)

Gouramy is a freshwater fish with a distribution area of ​​Southeast Asia and South Asia. This fish is often consumed, but it is not uncommon for it to be a fish that is kept in an aquarium.

Gourami have thick meat and large bones. This fish often adorns various restaurants. However, the price of this fish is relatively expensive.

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